Early access to palliative care is a critical component of treating patients with advanced cancer, particularly for glioblastoma patients who have low rates of survival despite optimal therapies. Additionally, there are unique considerations for primary brain tumor patients given the need for management of headaches, seizures, and focal neurological deficits.
We hoped to determine Sub-Saharan African physicians’ level of understanding and skill in providing palliative care, types of palliative care therapies provided, role of cultural beliefs, availability of resources, and challenges faced.
We conducted a survey of 109 physicians in Sub-Saharan Africa who treat brain tumor patients.
Among the participants, 48% felt comfortable in providing palliative care consultations, 52% believed that palliative care is only appropriate when there is irreversible deterioration, 62% expressed having access to palliative care, 49% do not have access to liquid opioid agents, 50% stated that cultural beliefs held by the patient or family prevented them from receiving palliative care, and 23% stated that their own beliefs affected palliative care delivery. Older providers (age > 30) had a clearer understanding of palliative care (P = 0.004), were more comfortable providing consultation (P = 0.052), and were more likely to address mental health (P < 0.001).
Palliative care delivery to glioblastoma patients in Sub-Saharan Africa is often delayed until late in the disease course. Barriers to adequate palliative care treatment identified in this survey study include lack of training, limited access to liquid opioid agents, and cultural beliefs.
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Published online: April 29, 2021
Accepted: April 16, 2021
© 2021 American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.